Electric ovens have gained humongous popularity in the last few years. With the recent surge in popularity, there are now so many different types of ovens available. Each type has its own set of requirements to operate. It will depend on the type of breaker on an electric oven that would determine what size of wire is needed.
You need to know the size of the breakers on your oven in order to determine what size wire you should use. Electrical stoves are typically equipped with 50-amp double-pole circuit breakers. For 50 amps, an 8 AWG wire suffices.
The Wire Size: For An Electric Oven
So the size of the wire is most often determined by the type of breaker in your oven. Wire sizes should always match the installed circuit. The wire may pose an electrical hazard if the stove requires more current or electricity than it can handle. It is therefore imperative to match the requirements.
You may follow the simple guidelines below to learn what type of wires you need.
- For stoves using up to 30 amps, use 10 AWG (American wire gauge is a stepped logarithmic wire gauge. It’s also known as The Brown & Sharpe wire gauge. (0000 AWG is the largest standard size, while 40 AWG is the smallest standard size.)
- For 40 to 50 amps, use 8 AWG, and for more than 50 amps, use 6 AWG.
So if your oven has a breaker of 30 Amps you will need a wire size of 10 AWG or 2.59 MM.
In the same way, depending on the breaker size the wire size will also increase.
- For 40 amps you need an 8 AWG or 3.26 MM. For greater amps, use 6 AWG wire.
So in short you need to match the wire capacity with the amps required for the stove.
Can I Use a 10 3 Wire For A Stove?
Yes, you can! A common electric stove uses a 240-volt circuit or a breaker of about 30 amps so a 10/3 or 10 AWG wire is optimal to use. Wires any thinner than 10 AWG like 12-14 AWG will have issues and might melt while using. Running a 30 amp stove, which is a typical type of stove these days, with 10 3 wires should be no problem.
It shouldn’t be a problem as long as the amp requirement matches the installed circuit. If, however, the stove has greater amp requirements, a 10 3 wire might not be enough and you may need to upgrade. Simply put, a 10/3 wire is sufficient for a normal 30 amp stove. But if the stove needs more than 30 amps using 10/3 is not enough and you will need to upgrade.
Frequently Asked Questions
What Size Wire Do I Need For A 220 Stove?
A circuit breaker for a 220 stove is 40 amps, so for an electric stove like that, you’ll need wire that’s 8 AWG or 3.26 MM in size. For electric devices with a breaker of 40-50 amps, 8 AWG wires should be used. If not, the appliance will not work correctly and may pose a fire hazard. On stoves with a 40 amp breaker, a 6 AWG wire is used for safety, but an 8 AWG wire will also work.
What Size Breaker Do I Need For A Stove?
It is industry standard to use a 50 amps breaker on normal electric stoves. Normal household appliances draw roughly 40 amps. But an oven requires a double circuit breaker rated at 50 amps. Larger stoves with more features need breakers that are more than 60 amps.
Depending on what breaker your stove has, the use of an 8/3 will vary. For any stove with more than 45 amps, you will need a 6/3 rather than an 8 3 wire. 8/3 wires can only handle 45 amps. Using 8/3 wires on a stove that requires more will 100% burn them and you will need to buy a new one. Therefore, you can use 8/3 wire without having to worry.
Now that electric stoves are more popular than ever, we need to know a few things about setting them up properly. Wire size is one of the most important considerations when you are setting up a stove. Moreover, you should know what kind of wire to use when setting up an electric stove for your house.
Using the right type of wire increases the efficiency of the stove. A good wire also lessens the chance of an electric hazard occurring. Therefore, you may be able to avoid spending unnecessary money and accidents by using the right wire.